Most Islamic clergymen use the title sheikh like a Christian cleric uses the Rev. medicine that studies the diseases, disabilities and health of older people. Group or groups differing especially in race, religion or ethnicity from the majority of a population. Avoid. noun or use the term A flag of six equal horizontal stripes (red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet) symbolizing the diversity of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities. "Tara O’Brady Says You Should Stop Calling Food 'Ethnic,' Kitchn, Nov. 6, 2017 The wearing of long uncut hair by Sikhs as a symbol of respect for the natural perfection of God’s creation. A more modern definition would include Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. He wrote about the discrimination he experienced when he appeared to be African American. [For more about how people feel about the terms Native American, Native and American Indian read: A pejorative term for people from Oklahoma dating from the Dust Bowl and Great Depression, when thousands of poor people left the state, many heading to California. Do not hyphenate. Refer to someone as having PTSD only if the information is relevant* to the story and the person has been formally diagnosed by a reputable source. In 2015 there were 326 reservations. no racial or ethnic slur should ever be included in what you write, Acronyms, Abbreviations and Organization Names. See Asia, use and abuse of images from; Buddhism; stereotypes; Taoism. A term used by Latin Catholics and some high-church Anglicans for a worship service that includes the celebration of Holy Communion. Use mental illness or mental disorder instead of insane or mentally deranged, except in a quote or when referring to a criminal defense. A person whose biological sex is not readily apparent or who is between two genders. Many have come to see this as a false dichotomy, given the existence of intersex, transgender people and agender people. Specify American Sign Language on first reference, capitalizing all three words. The Bahá’í Faith is a monotheistic religion. kuumba (creativity) In 1980 the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders finally removed hysteria from its list of psychiatric disorders. "Hispanic Or Latino? Some Muslims call it the “hand of Fatima,” referring to the daughter of the prophet Muhammad. The patriarch of Constantinople is known as the ecumenical patriarch. Ask the professional how he or should be identified, based on his or her formal training. are Churches of Christ and the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Paraplegia is similar but does not affect the arms. "Urban" and "urban contemporary" have been used for decades as catchall terms to categorize rhythmic music made by Black artists — primarily R&B and hip-hop — but connotations associated with these names have often segregated those artists from mass-market platforms such as Top 40 radio. Manong is a term of respect that precedes the first name of older Filipino men; manang for older Filipina women. The High Holy Days are the 10-day period beginning with Rosh Hashanah, which marks the beginning of the Jewish New Year, and ending with Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. Its application to modern journalism was quickly understood. The Center for Substance Abuse Treatment recommends using people-first language such as someone with alcoholism or someone with an alcohol problem. are not used. Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Working with the archbishop are other archbishops, bishops, priests and deacons. Rwanda Other countries with large South Asian communities: Malaysia, Singapore, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and the United States. Derived from the Sanskrit “arya,” or “noble.” In scholarly usage, a member of a people speaking one of a family of Indo-European languages, the presumed predecessor of much later languages spoken in Europe and the Indian subcontinent. In 2016, President Barack Obama signed legislation (HR 4238) that replaced the term Eskimo with Alaska Native in federal laws. The Associated Press Stylebook continues to use Voodoo. A term of contempt. A term used to describe people who oppose abortion. Urban is also acceptable. A small, close-fitting headpiece worn in some religious traditions, particularly by men. When referring to the United States of America, use United States, U.S., U.S.A. or the States. In this case, ensure that its use is absolutely necessary and that your source has approved the attribution of the slur(s) to them. The opportunity to access programs, services and facilities for people with disabilities. According to Substance Use Disorders: A Guide to the Use of Language by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, the term addiction is acceptable for uncontrollable, compulsive use of substances as well as acts such as gambling, sex, working, etc., in the face of negative health and social consequences. George Wallace pardoned all nine. They employ a congregational form of government. In 1976, Gov. Among those that do not use the Rev. Entertainers who dress and act in styles typically associated with another gender (drag queen for those portraying women, drag king for those portraying men). The circuit was named after boiled pig intestines, a soul-food staple. The official name of the Church is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The expert must have rigorously studied the Quran and can issue a fatwa only when aware of all elements of the case. Race and ethnicity may be relevant in some stories, including the following: More than 60 percent of American Indians live away from reservations. Jesse Jackson popularized the term African American, which had already existed, in the 1980s. Pastor applies if a minister leads a congregation. For hundreds of years India had a caste system of social hierarchy. Psychiatrist: A mental health professional able to prescribe psychotropic medications. The attitude that heterosexuality is the only valid sexual orientation. for “before the common era” and C.E. Because the labels heterosexual and homosexual imply the gender of both the person and the object of their attraction, it is often difficult or irrelevant to identify with these labels when a person’s gender is non-binary. The partition of 1947 refers to the division of British India upon independence into India and Pakistan. For more information about Alzheimer's Disease click on the Alzheimer's Association's "What is Alzheimer's?" See agender, transgender, gender non-conforming. See Islam, Sunni. Enacted on Aug. 6, 1965, it empowered the federal government to oversee voter registration and elections in communities, especially in the South, that had used tests to determine voter eligibility and or where registration or turnout was less than 50 percent in the 1964 presidential election. Chronic disease that affects immunity. Sometimes used to describe a person who is biracial. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race. It teaches that the way to bliss and liberation from the cycle of birth and rebirth is to live a life of harmlessness and renunciation. Orthodox Christians refer to Easter as Pascha, derived from the Hebrew word for Passover. Lowercase in all references. Pork is not sanctioned, no matter how it is processed. After several retrials, worldwide protests, two Supreme Court rulings, four of the nine were freed after six years in jail. National Lesbian and Gay Journalists Association Stylebook Supplement on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, & Transgender Terminology. In addition to imam and sheikh, Sunni titles include mufti and grand mufti, which indicate a higher status usually conferred by an institution. Use Latina(s) for a woman or women; use Latino(s) for a man or men. The guide is not available on the Internet, but is quoted widely, as in this article from Adoptive Families Association of British Columbia. Faculty and staff from across the UI campus have created this Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Style Guide—modeled after the California State University Diversity Style Guide—that attempts to answer commonquestions and provide thoughtful guidance on topics … Teacher, particularly used in the major Indian religions of Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism. Do not use. U.S. Census term, referring to one of eight groups — Fijian, Guamanian, Hawaiian, Northern Mariana Islander, Palauan, Samoan, Tahitian, and Tongan. In recent years, even some nonliturgical Protestants, on their own or through their churches, have taken to observing the Lenten season through fasting and penance. Economic and political anti-Semitism is rooted in widespread 19th- and 20th-century claims that Jews were engaged in a plot to rule the world. Some people with autism prefer being referred to as an autistic person; others object to using autistic as an adjective. Is it ever? In a more formal sense, an imam is a religious leader, but can also be a political leader. If yes, include it for an LGBTQIA person. One consequence of World War II was the rapid shedding of empire in the late 1940s, climaxing globally in the 1960s. With that test, some lighter-skinned or “high yellow” African Americans would exclude people if their skin was darker than a brown paper bag. A person with a shaved head chose to have his or her hair close to the scalp or completely off, replicating the bald look. Cal State Apply (the platform all students use to apply to the CSU, students are able to choose other options when self-identifying on their application). People from Nepal are known variously as Nepalese or Nepali, the latter of which is favored in current usage -- though U.S. press uses Nepalese when referring to those in the United States.. As such,the word Nepali can be both a noun and an adjective. See American Indian, Native American, Native. For more about the Holy See, see the Vatican's website. Black Muslim is a term that became associated with the Nation of Islam but is now considered derogatory and should be avoided. See sodomy. There are various explanations for the bindi: It can be a blessed symbol that signifies female energy and is believed to protect women and their husbands; a traditional symbol of marriage; a third eye, the eye of inner vision or spiritual wisdom; or simply a decoration like jewelry. The ways in which we talk and write about students who are low-income should convey compassion, inclusion, and sensitivity. When a shortened reference is needed, the terms "the Church" or the "Church of Jesus Christ" are encouraged. Its nearly two dozen staff lawyers are assisted by hundreds of cooperating attorneys across the nation. Intellectual functioning level (IQ) below 70-75 2. Mencken coined the phrase in 1925 while reporting on the Scopes Trial in Tennessee. See American Indian, Native American, tribe. A higher-level mujtahid is a marja, the most educated of whom are called ayatollahs. Use a multiracial lens and consider all communities of color. "Moreover, the detachment of 'White' as a proper noun allows White people to sit out of conversations about race and removes accountability from White people’s and White institutions’ involvement in racism. Other generational terms include Issei (first generation) for the immigrant generation, Nisei (second generation) for the American born children of the Nisei, and Sansei (third generation) for the children of the Nisei and parents of the Yonsei. Hindus believe that the light from these lamps symbolizes the illumination within the individual that overwhelms ignorance, represented by darkness. v. To call somebody by their deadname. Orthodox Christians call their Eucharistic service the Divine Liturgy. On July 13, 2020 the team announced it would retire the controversial name and call itself the "Washington Football Team" pending adoption of a new name. Down syndrome is a congenital condition (i.e. New diversity style guide helps journalists write with authority and accuracy about a complex, multicultural world. Better to say developing countries. But the word victim can imply “passivity, acceptance of one’s circumstances, and a casualty.” A companion to the online resource of the same name, The Diversity Style Guide raises the consciousness of journalists who strive to be accurate. Some Indigenous communities and other cultures have other words to describe gender variance, including Two-Spirit (sometimes written two spirit) and Third Gender. Here are some tips from the guide: Treatment is defined by the American Society of Addiction Medicine as the use of any planned, intentional intervention in the health, behavior, personal and/or family life of an individual suffering from alcoholism or another drug dependency designed to achieve and maintain sobriety, physical and mental health and maximum functional ability. People may experience this attraction in differing ways and degrees over their lifetime. The majority of Iranian people are Persian and the language is Farsi. Pentecostalism: There are dozens of Pentecostal denominations as well as many nondenominational churches that are Pentecostal, so titles vary greatly. If the person uses terms you don't know, ask them to explain each so you're sure to use it correctly. This group’s formal name is the Religious Society of Friends, but Quakers can be used in all references. Sub-Saharan Africa (sometimes called Black Africa)—Region south of the Sahara Desert and used to describe those countries not part of North Africa, the region north of the Sahara. someone wanted to say something racist. Ask which term the subject prefers, if possible. See Sikhism. Diversity Style Guide and our hope is to expand the breadth of this guide with each new edition. The association recommends using people-first language to describe mental illness in order to avoid defining a person by his or her disability. Rules differ for men and women. A militant state denotes being in a physically aggressive posture supporting an ideology or cause. (In headlines, “dies” is appropriate.) OCD is often treated by pharmaceutical drugs, psychotherapy methods or a combination of the two. In subsequent references, use just the last name for those who keep surnames; otherwise, continue to use the full name, as in Mother Teresa. Mozambique The term Hispanic is more commonly used in the Eastern United States and is generally favored by those of Caribbean and South American ancestry or origin. Many scholars consider it the largest segment of neo-paganism, saying it can be traced back to Gardnerian Witchcraft, founded in the United Kingdom during the late 1940s. Although involuntary cursing is commonly thought to be a key trait of the disorder, only a minority of those with Tourette syndrome exhibits this symptom. St. Peter’s Basilica sits above the tomb where the remains of St. Peter, who Catholic tradition regards as the first pope and bishop of Rome, are believed to rest. Be aware that middle age traditionally was considered to begin at age 35, when 70 was regarded as a typical benchmark for very old age. In the Catholic Church, Lent ends whenever the Holy Thursday service begins in any given parish. Other titles used by Mormons are bishop, elder and sister. It traces a covenant between the Jewish people and God that began with Abraham and continued through Jacob, Moses, David [as well as and others to today’s modern Jews. The Diversity Style Guide: Kanigel, Rachele: 9781119055150: Books - Amazon.ca. The chapel was later renamed Zion Church and its members became known as Zionites. Caution. Des milliers de livres avec la livraison chez vous en 1 jour ou en magasin avec -5% de réduction . Dwarfism is a medical or genetic condition that results in a stature below 4’10,” according to Little People of America. The term criminalizes the person rather than the actual act of illegally entering or residing in the United States without federal documents. All other bishops use the title the Rt. "Some have expressed the belief that if we don’t capitalize white, we are being inconsistent and discriminating against white (sic) people or, conversely, that we are implying that white is the default," John Daniszewski, vice president for standards, wrote on the venerable news organization's blog. Postwar immigrants from Japan are understood to be a distinct group sometimes referred to as Shin-Issei, the prefex "shin" being "new" in Japanese. Other terms also may be acceptable. They acquired that name because Spanish explorers erroneously thought they had sailed to India. Be mindful of appropriateness in news copy. Although Muslims revere Jesus as a prophet, they do not make the anti-Semitic claim against Jews because they do not believe that Jesus was crucified. Originally, Sephardi meant a Jew descended from the Iberian Peninsula, but it has now come to mean Jews who are not Ashkenazim, including Jews from Arab countries and Greece. Now a gay pride symbol, it was the symbol gay men were required to wear in Nazi concentration camps during World War II. Scholars and textbooks are increasingly using the abbreviations B.C.E. (Jews’ observance of the Sabbath begins at sundown Friday [and is often referred to by the Hebrew word Shabbat].) They also often adopt Western names in addition to traditional names. Hasidic Judaism is usually structured around a “rebbe,” or revered spiritual teacher whose interpretations of Jewish law govern the community. Do not use OCD as an adjective for someone who obsesses over certain things but has not been formally diagnosed as having OCD. The word church is applied only to individual, local churches. Sudan (1956) Starting in 2000, the federal government recognized Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders as a distinct group, including in Census counts. The cuisine originated during slavery when slaves were given leftovers or undesirable cuts of meat by their owners, which was supplemented by vegetables the slaves grew themselves. Proselytizing is viewed as the use of unethical methods – such as coercion, bribery or threats – to bring conversions. May also use to describe groups such as journalists of color or women of color." A health condition that changes a person’s thinking, feelings or behavior and that causes the person distress and difficulty in functioning. See gender-expansive. A disease of the central nervous system that disrupts the flow of information within the brain and between the brain and body, according to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Capitalize guru before a name on first reference, and use only the last name on second reference. Diwali commemorates the return of the avatar Lord Ram (the incarnation of Lord Vishnu), his wife Sita and brother Lakshman to their capital, Ayodhya, after 14 years of exile. Some Mormons use the term to describe non-Mormons. People who enter the United States legally are called resident aliens and they carry alien registration cards also known as green cards, because they used to be green. The new name is intended to emphasize that anyone can be infected with an STI even without showing symptoms of disease. [Dr. Geneva Smitherman, a sociolinguist and Black studies scholar at Michigan State University, identifies African American Language, or Ebonics, as a system of “Africanized semantic, grammatical, pronunciation, and rhetorical patterns” unique to the Black community, according to 100 Questions & Answers About African Americans. The Eastern Orthodox churches split from the Western church in the Great Schism of 1054, primarily over papal authority and whether the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father (as the Orthodox believe) or from the Father and Son (as the Catholics believe). It is used among people who know both languages and who switch between languages when on language describes what they are trying to say better than the other. Do not use the Rev. Some people identify as Inuit or Alaska Native, while others prefer Eskimo. Fear and prejudice against Muslims based on the idea that Islam is inferior and barbaric and cannot adapt to new realities. Tunisia (1958) Their gathering places are called Kingdom Halls, not churches. In Hinduism, the mantra of the divine. Other generational terms include "Issei" (first generation) for the immigrant generation, "Sansei" (third generation) for the children of the Nisei, and "Yonsei" (fourth generation) for the grandchildren of the Nisei. The 14th Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1868, called for equal treatment under the law. Can also be used as an adjective to describe the musical style or city in which it originated, Detroit. In proposing this new term, Lemkin had in mind "a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves." A divided cabinet recommended the measure to Roosevelt, despite an affirmation by the Office of Naval Intelligence of the loyalty of Japanese Americans. Use racial and ethnic identification when it is pertinent to a story and use it fairly, identifying white individuals if people of other races/ethnicities are identified. An individual who intentionally does not conform to predominant binary gender roles or expression. An overtly racist term that can be compared to the N-word. Instead, use undocumented immigrant or undocumented worker, both of which are terms that convey the same descriptive information without carrying the psychological baggage. An attraction to males or masculinity (andro) or females or femininity (gyne). Some Lutheran branches, including the ELCA, have bishops. She is a dyslexic.). As a noun, use “heterosexual” or “straight person.”. When used in context, such images are as essential as any other detail of reporting. In 1989, as many as a million protesters, led by students, demonstrated in favor of democracy, prompting a lethal crackdown by the Communist government on June 4. They sought opportunity. The guide contains more than 700 terms related to race/ethnicity, disability, immigration, sexuality and gender identity, drugs and alcohol, and geography. Some governments have, at times, banned veiling and at other times required it. The updated Diversity Style Guide is a must-have reference. The man and woman who shared in the child’s conception can be referred to as the birth or genetic or biological parents (not real or natural parents). Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. An alcoholic is someone who has the disease of alcoholism. Rev. It is a popular term for Hindi cinema and is a vast pop culture industry. Eurocentric term for ethnic conflict among people of color.Example: The conflict between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda was called tribal warfare, but the civil war in the former Yugoslavia between Serbs, Croats, and Muslims was "ethnic cleansing." Ethnic fashion. Avoid referring to an individual as a paraplegic. The word stuttering is preferred over stammering. Kenya See institutional racism. Also known as the n-word. Jewish family that brought about the restoration of Jewish religious and political life. It can be insulting to ask Latinos born in the United States and Puerto Ricans whether they have a green card, as they are U.S. citizens by birth. Capitalize in all references. Journalists should always identify people by their preferred tribal affiliation when reporting on individuals or individual tribes. Be careful about generalizing about South Asian names, not all of which are Hindu or Muslim names. The term is now considered by many to be one of positive self-identification. Some debate exists as to the accuracy of an ADHD or ADD diagnosis as an actual disorder. A congregation or organization that is formally approved or under the jurisdiction of more than one denomination. In addition to their cognitive component, many types of dementia include physical symptoms as well, such as the abnormal eye movements of Huntington’s disease or the tremors associated with Parkinson’s disease. Health. The word Negro was adopted from the Spanish and Portuguese and first recorded in the mid-16th century. According to the American Civil Liberties Union, “five times as many Whites are using drugs as African Americans, yet African Americans are sent to prison for drug offenses at 10 times the rate of Whites.” Sentences are also longer. This did not fundamentally change the relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States. See bisexual. Indicates a person has some loss of vision and hearing. Use people-first language. However, the people of Canada and Greenland prefer other names. A slur. That is not true. In other words, describing a person as elderly is bad form, although the generalized category elderly might not be offensive. Kashrut is the term for Jewish dietary laws, while kosher is the adjective. A term used to describe contemporary paganism, as opposed to ancient paganism. Officially called the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America. [According to 100 Questions & Answers About Arab Americans, this practice of veiling varies by region and class. Use Shiite instead of Shi’ah unless in a quote or as part of a name. It broadly defines federal and tribal jurisdiction in crimes affecting Indians on reservations. Yemen (1945) Do not confuse Hindi with Hindu, which is a religious designation. Some provide emotional therapy as well as medication management. The vast majority of Yonsei were born a generation or more after the World War II, and given the boom in intermarriage rates among Japanese Americans starting in the 1960s, many are of mixed race heritage. Fasting is forbidden on this day. About 56 million acres are in reservations and trust land. If Wales were the 51st state, not everyone living in Wales would be Welsh. [It refers to a person of Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi birth or descent who lives abroad] and implies shared values or bonds. imani (faith) Historically, whites used the names often for any black person in servitude. Less than 1 percent of the general population has schizophrenia, and it is treated mostly through the use of pharmaceutical drugs. "Native American vs. American Indian: Political correctness dishonors traditional chiefs of old," Native Times] Diaspora means “to scatter” in Greek, and the term is commonly used "to describe a community of people who live outside their shared country of origin or ancestry but maintain active connections with it," according to the International Diaspora Engagement Alliance. A group of Christian churches that do not recognize the authority of the pope in Rome, but, like the Roman Catholic Church, have roots in the earliest days of Christianity. Politically charged term implying that sexuality is the result of a conscious choice. Qatar (1971) Or you can look up a term in the search box below. Till earth and heaven ring. AP allows the use of Terms used to refer to a family member or an affectionate, respectful name for a church member, sorority member or another black woman. The two most reliable collections are by Bukhari and his student Muslim, both ninth-century Islamic scholars. As with many controversial terms, it's best to ask individuals or community leaders what they prefer to be called. This is a general translation of the call, though there are differences among countries and branches of Islam: CNN, May 3, 2014 he term may be used to refer to people who have a mild to moderate hearing loss that may or may not be corrected with amplification. The National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities of the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention offers an easy-to-follow guide on people-first language. The U.S. Department of Labor has said that white women have been the primary beneficiaries of affirmative action policies. Avoid saying a person suffers from or is afflicted with the disease.
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