realist review protocol

Text Realist synthesis Effectiveness of clinical rotations as a learning environment for achieving competences., DOI: Bag Font external 2010;85:S33–6. Text We have been funded by the Health Research Board (Ireland), the Medical Council of Ireland and the Irish Health Service Executive (National Doctors Training and Planning) to conduct a project comprised of three studies triangulating on the ways in which clinical learning environments shape postgraduate trainees’ learning. Wong G, Greenhalgh T, Westhorp G, Buckingham J, Pawson R. RAMESES publication standards: realist syntheses. Text The attribute platform is optionally allowed for situations in which multiple URLs must be specified. For a resource within an xmpMM:Ingredients list, the ResourceRef uses this type to identify both the portion of the containing document that refers to the resource, and the portion of the referenced resource that is referenced. 10.1186/s13643-017-0415-9 Collins A. Cognitive Apprenticship. Improving best practise for patients receiving hospital discharge letters: a realist review protocol. Cite this article. 21 The RRR process streamlines the review process by engaging knowledge users and review stakeholders to rapidly identify relevant documents for review, resulting in a review within 3–6 months. A name object indicating whether the document has been modified to include trapping information Jagosh J, Macaulay AC, Pluye P, Salsberg J, Bush PL, Henderson J, Sirett E, Wong G, Cargo M, Herbert CP, Seifer SD, Lawrence W. Uncovering the benefits of participatory research: implications of a realist review for health research and practice. 2005;10 Suppl 1:21–34. Gives the ORCID of a series editor. Arbortext Advanced Print Publisher 9.1.440/W Unicode journal_article_version Quality of the papers selected for data extraction will be assessed, and methodological limitations will be identified and taken into account during the data synthesis phase. Based on a review of implementation theories and frameworks, we developed an initial program theory, adapted for public health from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research, to explain the implementation … Mirrors crossmark:DOI The key components of CLEs include appropriate opportunities to learn through practice, supervision, assessment and feedback, social support in relationships with consultants, peers, nurses and allied healthcare professionals, working hours and conditions, and resources [25, 26]. As part of this project, we propose to conduct a realist synthesis of the literature to explore the overarching questions; how, why and in what circumstances do doctors learn in clinical environments? These are important drivers to understand how and why doctors’ learning is supported in clinical environments. Milbank Q. Lucia Prihodova 19 0 obj Anel Wiese 1, Caroline Kilty 1, Colm Bergin 2, Patrick Flood 3, Na Fu 4, Mary Horgan 1, Agnes Higgins 5, Bridget Maher 1, Grainne O’Kane 6, Lucia Prihodova 6, Dubhfeasa Slattery 7 & BMC Med Educ. health care: a realist review protocol Adrian Rohrbasser1,2*, Sharon Mickan2 and Janet Harris3 Abstract Background: Quality circles (QCs) are commonly used in primary health care in Europe to consider and improve standard practice over time. PubMed Central  editor Educ Res. Rotter T, Kinsman L, El J, Machotta A, Gothe H, Willis J, Snow P, Kugler J. By identifying causal mechanisms in PGMET, it may be possible to design clinical learning environments that are effective for learning, and create satisfactory working conditions for doctors in training. This realist review protocol has not been registered in any database. 2014;96–B:1133–8. dementia: protocol for a realist review Frances Bunn1*, Claire Goodman1, Jo Rycroft Malone2, Peter Reece Jones2, Chris Burton2, Greta Rait4, Daksha Trivedi1, Antony Bayer5 and Alan Sinclair6 Abstract Background: Worldwide, the prevalences of diabetes and dementia are both increasing, particularly in older people. volume 6, Article number: 10 (2017) Methods: Realist review will be used to develop and refine a theoretical understanding of why, how, for whom, and in what circumstances post-ICU program impact ICU survivors' outcomes. Firstly, an electronic data extraction sheet will be used in order to record study identification details (authors, title, publication, etc. Acad Med. Amendment of PDF/A standard There is a need to ensure an environment for safe and supported disclosure of sexual violence in these clinical settings. For example, a new version might only need to specify the instance ID and version number of the previous version, or a rendition might only need to specify the instance ID and rendition class of the original. CrossmarkMajorVersionDate Initially, we will perform an electronic search in the following databases: Academic Search Complete, Australian Education Index, British Education Index, CINAHL, ERIC, MEDLINE, PsycInfo and SocIndex. url Wong BM, Imrie K. Why resident duty hours regulations must address attending physicians’ workload. EVoR = Enhanced Version of Record converted to PDF/A-2b The Author(s). Health solutions to improve post-intensive care outcomes: a realist review protocol Syst Rev. California Privacy Statement, Weiss KB, Bagian JP, Nasca TJ. aggregationType Bag EditorInformation Realist synthesis is an interpretative approach to the literature and the RAMESES Realist Synthesis Training Materials do not recommend using a strict checklist approach to quality, as this can lead to exclusion of relevant papers early in the process. DB developed the original idea for this review protocol with CB and MH. Specifying the methods in advance reduces the risk of introducing bias into the review. Postgraduate medical education and training (PGMET) is a complex social process which happens predominantly during the delivery of patient care. This study is funded by the Health Research Board, Ireland, award number MERG-1980; recipient Dr. Deirdre Bennett MB MPH MA PhD. Researching how learning happens in clinical environments and how we can support it requires the use of an approach which recognises the complexity of the environment and of postgraduate training itself. We have chosen realist synthesis as a methodology because of its suitability for researching complexity and producing answers useful to policymakers and practitioners. Realist philosophy holds that outcomes of an intervention are not deterministic or simply linear but are context dependent. Correspondence to Med Teach. Methods: Realist review is a theory-led approach to knowledge synthesis that provides an explanatory analysis aimed at discerning what works, for whom,inwhat circumstances, how, and why. Gracey CF, Haidet P, Branch WT, Weissmann P, Kern DE, Mitchell G, Frankel R, Inui T. Precepting humanism: strategies for fostering the human dimensions of care in ambulatory settings. doi xmpMM BMJ Open 2014;4: e005466. The core research team is a multi-disciplinary group of researchers, clinicians and health professions educators. Agnes Higgins This protocol is based on the five stages of realist review by Pawson et al, 40 with the addition of a further stage of stakeholder involvement for theory refinement, which has been put forward by previous reviews 41 51 (see figure 1, adapted from Molnar et al 52 and Groot et al 53). The frameworks for workplace learning developed by Billett [35] and Teunissen [36] may also prove relevant to this review. London: Churchill Livingstone; 2011. p. 99–114. realist review protocol ha s not been registered in any. We propose to conduct a realist synthesis of the literature to address the overarching questions; how, why and in what circumstances do doctors learn in clinical environments? PubMed  1989;18:32–42. external uuid:d9ca23c2-9948-4706-a90c-37ce46c34e6c external Effectiveness of the non-pharmaceutical public health interventions against COVID-19; a protocol of a systematic review and realist review PLoS One. 2017-01-19T07:02:23+01:00 external This is a protocol for a realist review. 2004;26:305–12. This protocol outlines the process for conducting a realist review to map how patients and the public have been involved in diabetes research to date. Acad Med. Your systematic review protocol should be complete before you submit your registration request . CVoR = Corrected Version of Record external Our assessment of quality will involve the use of checklists, for example CASP, as sensitising influences, but will lean towards inclusion of data from relevant studies with some methodological shortcomings. Searching will be iterative and will discontinue when sufficient evidence is found that it is reasonable to claim that the programme theory is coherent and plausible. The learning environment and medical student burnout: a multicentre study. Graduate medical education Springer Nature ORCID Schema Text In: Sawyer RK, editor. General Medical Council. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42017062609. Additional rounds of searching may be added throughout the review process to further explore particular areas of interest. Grainne O’Kane We will not select reviews for data extraction; however, this relevant body of literature will be accessible and organized in … Understanding the impact of delegated home visiting services accessed via general practice by community dwelling patients: a realist review protocol Lay Summary There have been a number of recent policies concerning the organisation of primary health care, including GP Forward View 2016. Realist review protocol for understanding the real- … Protocol for a realist review of workplace learning in postgraduate medical education and training. Realist review Theory and practice. Systematic Reviews, 2017, doi:10.1186/s13643-017-0415-9 Decisions about the review question, inclusion criteria, search strategy, study selection, data extraction, quality assessment, data synthesis and plans for dissemination should be addressed. Terms and Conditions, 10.1186/s13643-017-0415-9 CrossmarkDomainExclusive pdfx Part of pdfToolbox New York: Cambridge University Press; 2006. p. 47–60. internal Postgraduate medical education GTS_PDFXVersion Searching process The next step in the process will be to search the litera-ture in order to refine the programme theory of how educational interventions develop interpersonal patient-pharmacist communication [25]. Realist review protocol for understanding the real-world barriers and enablers to practitioners implementing self-management support to people living with and beyond cancer Kumud Kantilal ,1 Wendy Hardeman,2 Hattie Whiteside,1 Eleni Karapanagiotou,3 Matthew Small,4 Debi Bhattacharya1 To cite: Kantilal K, Hardeman W, Whiteside H, et al. P = Proof Realist synthesis translates the findings of empirical studies into context, mechanism and outcome (CMO) configurations, which state that in a certain context a particular mechanism generates a particular outcome. See prism:issn. internal CB, PF, NF, MH, AH, BM, GO’K, LP, CK and DS reviewed and edited the drafts of the protocol and DB finalised the document. The Digital Object Identifier for the article. Tsai J-C, Chen C-S, Sun I-F, Liu K-M, Lai C-S. Clinical learning environment measurement for medical trainees at transitions: relations with socio-cultural factors and mental distress. orcid Bleakley A. Blunting Occam’s razor: aligning medical education with studies of complexity. Brennan, N. Bryce, M. Pearson, M. Wong, G. Cooper, C. Archer, J. Metadata Show full item record. If used, prism:eIssn MUST contain the ISSN of the electronic version. Medical Education Unit, School of Medicine, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Anel Wiese, Caroline Kilty, Mary Horgan, Bridget Maher & Deirdre Bennett, Dublin City University Business School, Dublin, Ireland, Trinity College Dublin Business School, Dublin, Ireland, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, Royal College of Physicians of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland, Children’s University Hospital, Temple St., Dublin, Ireland, You can also search for this author in This protocol will explain the rationale for using a realist review approach and outline the key steps in this process. This information will be useful to policymakers and practitioners in PGMET, who will be able to apply our findings within their own contexts. 2015;20:843–56. internal Realist review does not provide simple answers to complex questions. external in the RAMESES Publication Standards for Realist Synthesis and the Realist Synthesis RAMESES Training Materials. internal Remediating doctors’ performance to restore patient safety: a realist review protocol. NOTE: PRISM recommends against the use of the #other value allowed in the PRISM Platform controlled vocabulary. adjudicating between studies (based on the quality of research); consolidating (building ‘multi‐faceted explanations of success’), situating (‘this mechanism in context A, that one in context B”). Development and validation of an instrument to measure the postgraduate clinical learning and teaching educational environment for hospital-based junior doctors in the UK. Using theory to identify CMO configurations focuses reviewers on the underlying and transferable aspects of programmes described rather than on their specific minutiae [30]. 2017-01-17 AU - Shucksmith, Janet. external Medical education. An initial programme theory for workplace learning in postgraduate medical education and training will be developed and expressed in realist terms. PubMed  Searching process. Med Educ. Understanding the impact of visual arts interventions for people living with dementia: a realist review protocol. Realist principles will be embedded in all stages of the review process. 43. AU - Lhussier, Monique. uuid:dd00b59a-2d83-4bca-875c-3084860a3303 Zubair M, Chadborn NH, Gladman JRF, Dening T, Gordon AL, Goodman C. BMJ Open, 7(10):e017270, 10 Oct 2017 sn Bag SeriesEditorInformation Billett S. Learning through health care work : premises, contributions and practices. Realist review. Development of a program theory for shared decision-making: a realist review protocol Syst Rev. This review is part of a funded projected with the overall aim of producing guidelines and recommendations for the design of high quality clinical learning environments for postgraduate medical education and training. author authorInfo pdfaid Clinical workplaces are complex, dynamic systems in which learning emerges from non-linear interactions within a network of related factors and activities. Syst Rev 6, 10 (2017). 2010;16:849–55. The core research team will also undertake training and ongoing consultation with methodological experts during the course of the study. Our core inclusion criteria will be (1) papers related to postgraduate medical education and training in the clinical setting, (2) quantitative, qualitative and mixed-method studies, (3) papers published in English and (4) papers published between 1995 and 2016. conformance What are the important contexts which determine whether the different mechanisms produce their intended outcomes? Systematic Reviews Company Rates of diabetes in people with dementia are between 13 and 20 %. Med Teach. J Health Organ Manag. Realist synthesis is an increasingly popular approach to the review and synthesis of evidence, which focuses on understanding the mechanisms by which an intervention works (or not). Abstract. Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Harper W, Massie FS, Power DV, Eacker A, Szydlo DW, Novotny PJ, Sloan JA, Shanafelt TD. PROTOCOL Open Access Understanding the theoretical underpinning of the exercise component in a fall prevention programme for older adults with mild dementia: a realist review protocol Vicky Booth1*, Rowan Harwood2, Victoria Hood3, Tahir Masud2 and Philippa Logan1 Abstract Background: Older adults with mild dementia are at an increased risk of falls. The review will use a six-step iterative process to develop a program theory for CPWs in hospitals: (1) development of a preliminary program theory; (2) search strategy and literature search; (3) study selection and appraisal; (4) data extraction; (5) data analysis and synthesis; and (6) stakeholder engagement. Values for Journal Article Version are one of the following: a realist review protocol Nicola Brennan,1 Marie Bryce,1 Mark Pearson,2 Geoff Wong,3 Chris Cooper,2 Julian Archer1 To cite: Brennan N, Bryce M, Pearson M, et al. a realist review protocol Nicola Brennan,1 Marie Bryce,1 Mark Pearson,2 Geoff Wong,3 Chris Cooper,2 Julian Archer1 To cite: Brennan N, Bryce M, Pearson M, et al. Perspect Med Educ. If the URL associated with a DOI is to be specified, then prism:url may be used in conjunction with prism:doi in order to provide the service endpoint (i.e. issn Benbassat J. Undesirable features of the medical learning environment: a narrative review of the literature. URI Wiener-Ogilvie S, Bennison J, Smith V. General practice training environment and its impact on preparedness. PRISMA-P checklist realist review: this is the completed PRISMA-P checklist for the review protocol. 2013;6736:1–9. This realist synthesis will follow the steps and procedures outlined by Wong et al. Asch DA, Nicholson S, Srinivas S, Herrin J, Epstein AJ. N2 - Objectives - Adolescent risk behaviours are a key health concern. A structure containing the characteristics of a font used in a document. doi:10.1136/ … 2010. internal Wong G, Westhorp G, Pawson R, Greenhalgh T. Realist synthesis. Wiese, A., Kilty, C., Bergin, C. et al. Boor K, Van Der Vleuten C, Teunissen P, Scherpbier A, Scheele F. Development and analysis of D-RECT, an instrument measuring residents’ learning climate. Additionally, the scope of the review will be informed by another study into clinical learning environment being undertaken by the group. Manchester: GMC; 2015. Text Typically this will be used to provide the name of the magazine an article appeared in as metadata for the article, along with information such as the article title, the publisher, volume, number, and cover date. XMP Media Management Schema The search will be adjusted as required in each database. If used as a dc:identifier, the URI form should be captured, and the bare identifier should also be captured using prism:doi. Syst Reviews. The core research team is a multi-disciplinary group of researchers, clinicians and health professions educators. Brazeau CMLR, Schroeder R, Rovi S, Boyd L. Relationships between medical student burnout, empathy, and professionalism climate. How educational innovations and attention to competencies in postgraduate medical education relate to preparedness for practice: the key role of the learning environment. We will also search the following journals by hand: Academic Medicine, Advances in Health Sciences, Graduate Medical Journal, Medical Education, Medical Teacher and Postgraduate Medical Journal. Social mechanisms refer to the ‘underlying entities, processes or (social) structures which operate in particular contexts to generate outcomes of interest’ [30]. Systematic Reviews Understanding the impact of delegated home visiting services accessed via general practice by community-dwelling patients: a realist review protocol. Realist review seeks to identify ‘demi-regularities’ within the complexity of interventions, based on the expectation that although outcomes will vary in different contexts, that there will be some patterning in CMO configurations [31]. crossmark internal <, Systematic Reviews, 2017, doi:10.1186/s13643-017-0415-9, Protocol for a realist review of workplace learning in postgraduate medical education and training. Mary Horgan Text Promoting excellence: standards for medical education and training. A complex intervention is one whose outcome is dependent on the interaction between its participants and their context; in this case, doctors in training and the clinical learning environment. AM = Accepted Manuscript AB - Introduction Supporting people subjected to sexual violence includes provision of sexual and reproductive healthcare. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2014-005466 Prepublication history for pdfx 2046-4053 Permits publishers to include a second ISSN, identifying an electronic version of the issue in which the resource occurs (therefore e(lectronic)Issn. Roff S, McAleer S, Skinner A.

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