ap environmental science key terms

toricla. Study 20 Chapter 2 Key Terms flashcards from Bijan S. on StudyBlue. Like all AP courses, you can save time and tuition by earning AP credit and positioning yourself to thrive in college. Test. AP Environmental Science is a very interdisciplinary class, and one of the major themes of the class is that the earth is an interconnected system. This process occurs by facultative anaerobes in anaerobic environments. Can measure from less than a meter to over a thousand meters in length with corresponding widths. the producers in a food chain such as plants and algae, eats other organisms to get your energy, also known as consumers, an autotrophic organism; first trophic level in a food chain; plants, All available energy; rate that producers convert solar energy into chemical energy. does not include atmosphere; phosphorus enters the biosphere almost entirely from the soil/ rocks through absorption by plant roots. a place, region, or location where a biogeochemical element is in its highest concentration. Water is stored in permeable rocks and sediment through which it can flow freely. Nitrates are assimilated by plants through their root hairs. Land plants need phosphate as a fertilizer or nutrient. It is not a single continuous fault, but rather a collection of many parts (See: Fault System), The release of extreme friction caused by the buildup of pressure between two grinding plates. Gravity. Study 13 Chapter 20 Key Terms flashcards from Bijan S. on StudyBlue. Exam Overview. process by which nitrates are reduced to gaseous nitrogen (N2) and lost to the atmosphere. The amount of time that a chemical is held in one place, such as in an exchange pool or reservoir. Transpiration is the process by which moisture is carried through plants from roots to small pores on the underside of leaves, where it changes to vapor and is released to the atmosphere; essentially evaporation of water from plant leaves. It enters the atmosphere through both natural and human sources. The course covers identification and analysis of human and natural environmental problems, risks associated with those problems, and potential solutions. Using engaging, current and relevant case studies and emphasizing inquiry and problem solving, BIOZONE's AP Environmental Science addresses the two essential components of the course framework: science practices and course content. Where plates slide past each other HORIZONTALLY; the rock on either side moves in opposite directions as the buildup of pressure between the plates provides energy, The transform fault in California where the North American and Pacific plates meet; the N.A. There you have it! A unit, equal to one ton of carbon dioxide, that individuals, companies or governments buy to reduce short-term and long-term emissions of greenhouse gases. The best list of AP® Environmental Science tips and tricks for scoring a 4 or 5. Depths of these are limited by the thickness of the Earth's crust. Scottish scientist ; the father of modern geology; wrote "principle of uniformitarianism", Relationships between earth layers and soil samples; these reveal age, Dating an unknown sample to a certain time period by comparing it to samples of known ages. AP Environmental Science Course and Exam Description This is the core document for the course. Faults that have "slipped" at some point in time (causing earthquakes), but are now stuck solid. decomposing microogranisms such as bacteria and fungi break down nitrogenous wastes and organic matter found in animal wastes and dead plants and animals and convert it to inorganic ammonia (NH3) for absorption by plants as ammonium ions. Science Practices. a special type of interaction between species. (example: rain, snow, sleet, dew). BIOZONE’s new title: AP Environmental Science represents a dedicated title to address the new APES CED. In AP Environmental Science, you’ll do hands-on work in the laboratory and make observations and explore problems in real-world settings. Key Term(s) To ensure the clarity of certain terms or expressions that may have multiple meanings, each of these terms is clearly defined. In order to succeed on the exam, you need to be familiar with a number of environmental science key terms, abbreviations, and acronyms. Environmental changes place new pressures on organisms and they must be able to adapt by altering their behaviors or moving. Solar energy causes evaporation, where liquid water is changed into water vapor in the atmosphere. Match. AP Exams are regularly updated to align with best practices in college-level learning. Expert Test-taking Strategies Our experienced AP? Elements being cycled are held and stored for some time in reservoirs. The fresh water that flows through rocks and open spaces below the Earth's surface. The population will face an increase in competition and mortality as individuals adapt to the new distribution of resources. matter and energy can neither be created nor destroyed. The direction a fault takes across the Earth's surface, The line formed by the intersection of the fault plane with a horizontal plane, A collection of faults (Ex: The San Andres Fault), Faults that have the potential for causing earthquakes. the path of food from a given final consumer back to a producer. AP Environmental Science: Key Terms. (See: Trenches), Boundary formed when plates pull APART and move in opposite directions making room for new lithosphere to form outpouring magma. When a set of fault fractures is large and developed, Describes the sudden slip of a fault between two plates; may also be caused by volcanic activity or other geological processes that cause geological stress changes, Caused by vibrations in the Earth from cracks or shifts in the underlying rock; the ground shaking and vibrations associated with earthquakes, Scientists that examine historical earthquake activity and calculate the probability of an earthquake happening again, Always located at some depth underground; the location beneath the Earth's surface where a fault rupture begins, The location directly above the hypocenter on the Earth's surface, An instrument that records seismic waves (vibrations) onto a tracing, The tracing on which seismic waves are recorded, Describes the atmosphere's condition at a given place and time with respect to temperature, moisture, wind velocity, and barometric pressure, Gases which blanket Earth; (by volume:) 79% nitrogen, 20% oxygen, 0.036% carbon dioxide, and trace amounts of other gases, The common name for Earth's mix of atmospheric gases, ___; divided into four main layers affected by gas mixing, chemical properties, and temperature, Area in the stratosphere where increasing ozone concentrations absorb ultraviolet radiation, The melding of the stratosphere and the mesophere. Therefore, decomposition rates affect the level of nutrients available to primary producers. Chapter 2 Key Terms - AP Environmental Science with Falls at Santa Cruz High School - StudyBlue Flashcards Spell. general term for anything that can breed and produce offspring, the observed process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time, gradual establishment of biotic communities in lifeless areas with no soil or bottom sediment. Learn. The author also includes must-know key terms and basic math and science concepts all AP? AP Environmental key words - AP Environmental Science with Howard at Yvonne A. Ewell Townview Center - … Summary: Key Strategies for AP Environmental Science. the chemical process by which green plants convert sunlight into sugar, creates glucose and oxygen gas. Created by. Driven by the thermal gradient between the core and crust; takes place by the extremely slow deformation (creep) of the rocks and minerals in the upper and lower mantle and the transition zone. For more information on exam weighting, download the AP Environmental Science Course and Exam Description (CED).. It looks like your browser needs an update. When plates separate, magma rises into the crack, filling it and hardening into rock. January's rainfall is 4 inches. STUDY. Study 23 Chapter 4 Key Terms flashcards from Bijan S. on StudyBlue. Flashcards. organism feeds on the body of, or the energy used by, another organism (host), usually by living on the host. one member of a species (predator) feeds directly on all or part of a member of a different species. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. When sulfur enters the atmosphere through human activity, this is mainly a consequence of industrial processes where sulfur dioxide (SO2) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gases are emitted on a wide scale. a large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat (example: tundra), range of conditions that an organism can withstand; each ecosystems population's ability to adjust to variations in its physical and chemical environment, group of the same organisms in a specific area, groups of various populations interacting in an area, The role or function of an organism or species in an ecosystem, the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism, competition involving organisms of the same species. Created by. The College Board offers the Advanced Placement (AP) Exam for Environmental Science to help students receive college credit for exceptional work. Pressure is usually released by earthquakes and a sideways slip between the transform fault fractures. Like other AP science classes, AP Enviro also includes a lab component, and students who take the class will get hands-on experience in the form of completing labs, observing the natural world, and/or doing fieldwork.For example, y ou might have to collect water and test it for certain chemicals, observe wildlife in a field or forest, track plant growth, and so on. What is the percentage of change between the 2? Updated 7/29/2020; resource. STUDY. Ridge which bisects the Atlantic; it emerges in a few places (e.g., Iceland) where geologists can measure its growth and movement. A climax community is the final stage of succession, remaining relatively unchanged until destroyed by an event such as fire or human interference. when chemicals are held for only short periods of time. herbivores; organisms that eat autotrophs/ producers; plant eaters (example: rabbits), animals that eat herbivores; meat eaters (example: snake that eats rabbits), Carnivores that eat secondary producers; meat eaters that eat meat eaters (example: Owl that eats snake), organisms that feed on decomposing organic matter such as poop or detritus. When plant materials and waste products decay through bacterial action, the phosphate is released and returned to the environment for reuse. Material circulation caused by heat; the process of heat transfer that causes hot, less dense matter, to rise and cool matter to sink; in the earth's system, it is affected by gravitational forces within the planet, as well as heat and radioactive recycling of elements in the molten core. Biomagnification is the process whereby the tissue concentrations of a contaminant increase as it passes up the food chain through two or more trophic levels. Aquifers are where some precipitation sinks through the soil and rock formations to underground layers of rock, sand, or gravel and is then stored as groundwater. October's rainfall is 2 inches. (example: bacteria, fungi), a position in a food chain occupied by a group of organisms with similar feeding modes (example: producers). To learn more about Steele Canyon High School click the following: The AP Environmental Science framework included in the course and exam description outlines distinct skills, called science practices, that students should practice throughout the year—skills that will help them learn to think and act like environmental scientists. If the available resources for a population decrease, this ultimately lowers carrying capacity. ⚡ Read: AP Environmental Science - Natural Disruptions to Ecosystems  The survival of organisms depends on their ability to adapt to disruptions to their environment. Test. Key features in an experimental design are: 1. Chapter 7 Key Terms - AP Environmental Science with Falls at Santa Cruz High School - StudyBlue Flashcards Encourage your students to visit the AP Environmental Science student page for exam information and exam practice. AP Environmental Science Key Terms. Formed when plates are driven together or apart. When a fault "slips"; its size is directly proportional to the size of the earthquake produced by the slip. Study 11 Chapter 1 Key Terms flashcards from Bijan S. on StudyBlue. shows how energy in the ecosystem is distributed among the trophic levels. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Flashcards. THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH... AP Environmental Science Vocabulary 609 Terms. Some elements have several reservoirs while others have one. interaction that benefits both species by providing each with food, shelter, or some other resource, interaction that benefits one species but has little, if any, affect on the other. An umbrella theory which explains the earth's activity and the creation, movement, contact, and flattening of the lithosphere's solid rock planes. Start studying UNIT 3 AP Environmental Science. The payment usually funds projects that generate energy from renewable sources such as wind or flowing water. AP Environmental Science Key Terms. Exam questions assess the course concepts and skills outlined in the course framework. rate at which producers use photosynthesis to produce and store energy minus the rate at which they use some of this stored chemical energy through aerobic respiration; energy left over for use by consumer; usually limits number of consumers. When gravity draws Earth's water back to the surface. Start studying AP Environmental Science Key Terms, AP Environmental Science: Environmental Laws, Ap Environmental Science Population, AP Environmental Science Review (ULTIMATE APES REVIEW GUIDE). This process releases carbon dioxide, water, and energy. Natural recourses can be for instance volcanic eruptions, bacterial processes, evaporation from water, or decaying organisms. The ecological succession that occurs on a preexisting soil after the primary succession has been disrupted or destroyed due to a disturbance that reduced the population of the initial inhabitants. Terms in this set (64) Reservoir. are surrounded by impermeable layers of rock that don't allow water to move through them. Gravity. a place, region, or location where a biogeochemical element is in its highest concentration. Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. The plate-margin between the Eurasian and Indian-Australian plates, The world's tallest mountain, found in the Himalayan mountain range, Where the Nazca ocean plate and the South American continental plate collide, Greek for "builder"; relates to the geological term "plate tectonics". Pielover222222. Write. ecological communities in which populations of plants or animals remain stable and exist in balance with each other and their environment. Samples of Evidence ... in the AP Environmental Science Course Description. students should know before test day. Test. Hannahfishbowl. PLAY. Advanced Placement Environmental Science (AP Environmental Science, APES, AP Enviro, AP Environmental, AP Environment, or AP Enviro Sci) is a course offered by the American College Board as part of the Advanced Placement Program to high school students interested in the environmental and natural sciences.This course is designed to provide students with scientific principles, concepts, … Weathering and erosion of rocks gradually release phosphorus as phosphate ions, which are soluble in water. Earth Science Concepts Remake 138 Terms. PLAY. PLAY. An online dictionary of AP Environmental Science terms you need to know for the AP Environmental Science Exam. Earth's innermost layer composed of the densest elements. AP Environmental Science is equivalent to an introductory college level course where students learn about the scientific principles and methods required to understand the natural world. Hence, water in this type of aquifer can flow to plant roots or bubble up to the surface as a spring. Chapter 20 Key Terms - AP Environmental Science with Falls at Santa Cruz High School - StudyBlue Flashcards Write. Introduction AP Environmental Science is an interdisciplinary course with great potential impact for students. Heterotrophic organisms cannot absorb nitrogen as plants do, so they acquire nitrogen-based compounds through the food they eat. This relates to Environmental Science since everything we think we have thrown away at one point stays with us in some form. the first to colonize previously disrupted or damaged ecosystems in ecological succession (example: lichens). AP Environmental Science Abbreviations and Acronyms. Are formed along divergent boundaries where plates slowly edge apart from each other. Gravity. STUDY. (See: Ridges), Boundary formed when plates slide past each other parallel to their SHARED boundaries, Formed along the convergent boundary of two colliding plates; some of the deepest points on earth are found within ocean trenches, The series of ocean trenches that ring the Pacific Ocean. Chapter 8 Key Terms - AP Environmental Science with Falls at Santa Cruz High School - StudyBlue Flashcards Learn. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Study 28 Chapter 8 Key Terms flashcards from Bijan S. on StudyBlue. Nearly all of these are at the bottom of oceans. AP Environmental Science (APES) at Steele Canyon High school is a year long course offered in conjunction with Honors Biology. Terms in this set (56) Aquifers. Manure and compost are key ingredients in biodynamic agriculture, as well as natural pest control. A crack between two tectonic plates caused by building pressures, which eventually causes the surrounding rock to split. Exchange pools tend to be biotic factors while reservoirs tend to be abiotic factors. conversion of atmospheric nitrogen (N2) into reactive compounds such as ammonia (NH3) and nitrate (NO3-). Points do not get awarded without comprehensive responses. The breaking down of the bonds requires a great deal of energy and occurs by either abiotic fixation (lightning, cosmic radiation) or biological fixation (bacteria). Farmers with waterlogged fields and soild that have high clay content are especially vulnerable to nitrogen losses due to denitrification. Within one year students receive credit for both Honors Biology and APES. Spell. A list of important vocabulary presented in AP Environmental Science. Match. Chapter 4 Key Terms - AP Environmental Science with Falls at Santa Cruz High School - StudyBlue Flashcards Most magma exiting the mantle today is found at ocean floor varieties of these and along plate margins. Based on the course offered by FLVS. Geophysicist who is credited for devising the concept of plate tectonics. However, they do have the chance to reactivate if local tectonic processes change. the layer beneath the crust, makes up 64 percent of the mass of the Earth. (This caused the earthquakes in 1906 and 1989 near San Francisco), Used to represent an actual fault or a section of a fault. Flashcards. Many questions will ask you to make connections among multiple topics, so practice doing this whenever you're reviewing your notes. Match. It is divided into huge pieces called tectonic plates, Earth's thin outer layer composed almost entirely of light elements, atmospheric layer nearest the Earth's surface, above troposphere (temperatures rise as altitude increases because the ozone absorbs the sun's UV energy, a rock layer that stores and allows the flow of ground water. Oh no! Came up with 3 ways to order samples in geological time: First of Steno's geological time principles: Second of Steno's geological time principles: Third of Steno's geological time principles: Any solid material (rock or organic) that settles out from a liquid. Thus, confined aquifers create underground storage containers for the water they contain. A food web is many food chains linked together to show a more accurate model of all possible feeding relationships of organisms in an ecosystem. breaks down glucose, releases stored energy for use in plants and animals, occurs in the mitochondria inside each cell. They are not always obvious on the surface. AP Environmental Science Exam Free-Response Questions and Scoring Information Archive. Examples of exchange pools include plants and animals, which temporarily use elements in their systems and release them back into the air or surrounding medium. competition involving organisms of different species. Sulfur can also be found in the atmosphere. There are three kinds: Boundary formed when plates clash, and one is forced BELOW the other, pulling older lithosphere into the depths of the mantle. Progressive increase in the amount of a substance in an organism or part of an organism which occurs because the rate of intake exceeds the organism's ability to remove the substance from the body. It looks like your browser needs an update. AP Environmental Science covers a lot of topics, but if you know how to properly review and set up a study plan early, you greatly increase your chances of getting a high score on the AP exam. Elements being cycled are held and stored for some time in reservoirs. Stevenvincent121212. STUDY. Since plants are the base of the food chain, the nitrogen-based compounds they have assimilated into their tissue will continue to pass from one organism to another (through consumption) as matter and energy transfer through the ecosystem's food web. PLAY. process by which ammonia is oxidized into nitrate ions (NO2) and then to nitrate ions (NO3-), which is the form most usable by plants. AP Environmental Science Key Terms Chp. It is approximately 2900 km thick and is made of rocks of medium density, Earth's outer layer - a cool rigid layer, 15km to 300km thick, that includes the crust and the uppermost part of the mantle. Most of the fresh water that people access is groundwater, flowing underground. Uniquely, APES can prepare you to take action on important environmental issues in your everyday life. Write. Chapter 1 Key Terms - AP Environmental Science with Falls at Santa Cruz High School - StudyBlue Flashcards plate is moving southwards, the Pacific plate is moving northwards. In approaching the AP® Environmental Science free-response section, you’ll need to ensure you’re not speaking in broad generalities and that you’re explaining all technical terms. Generally, reservoirs are abiotic factors while exchange pools are biotic factors. Study 10 Chapter 7 Key Terms flashcards from Bijan S. on StudyBlue. Environmental factors limit the growth of populations. 4 - 2 = 2/4 = 0.5 x 100% = 50%. (example: earth worms), an organism that breaks down other dead organisms into nutrients. Spell. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Hypothesis "if, then" statement 2. … The key terms for chapter 5 of AP Environmental Science. The intersection of a fault plane with the Earth's surface along a crack. Most of the earth's sulfur is tied up in rocks and salts or buried deep in the ocean in oceanic sediments. ⚡ Read: AP Environmental Science - K-selected & r-selected species. 5. Sometimes beneficial, sometimes harmful, these relationships are essential to many organisms and ecosystems, and they provide a balance that can only be achieved by working together. (example: Carbon is held for a relatively short time in plants and animals when compared to fossil fuel deposits). AP Environmental Science Key Vocabulary Terms for Chapter 3 and Chapter 7 Author: wdickerson Last modified by: William Dickerson Created Date: 9/4/2009 1:31:00 PM Company: HCS Other titles: AP Environmental Science Key Vocabulary Terms for Chapter 3 and Chapter 7 The outer crust of the earth; it is a puzzle of moveable parts that mold to eachother according to different applied pressures, An area where two crustal plates collide and one plate is forced UNDER the other into the mantle. The original supercontinent, it broke up into huge land masses called continental plates. The environmental science vocabulary terms correspond to the chapters of Miller's Living in the Environment, 13th Edition Chapter 1 - Environmental Issues, Their Causes, & Sustainability Chapter 2 - Environmental History, an Overview Learn. Massive underground reservoirs of groundwater. Oh no! Study 81 AP Environmental key words flashcards from Taylor F. on StudyBlue.

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