1 samuel 20 study guide

Major Prophets Not himself, not Saul, not Jonathan, not anyone except God. Then he said to his lad, "Now run, find the arrows which I shoot." 1 SAMUEL COMMENT: I. SAMUEL: God’s prophet, priest, and judge, Chapters 1 — 8 Chapter 1 — This First Book of Samuel opens with a cry of a godly woman. Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech--Nob, a city of the priests ( 1 Samuel 22:19), was in the neighborhood of Jerusalem, on the Mount of Olives--a little north of the top, and on the northeast of the city.It is computed to have been about five miles distant from Gibeah. Pentateuch "It seems probably that he went first to Bethlehem, as he bade Jonathan to tell his father, ver. (Poole). If Saul has determined evil against David, and Jonathan intends to warn him, how will he do it? Ceremonial uncleanliness might cause a person to miss a feast such as this, but the ceremonial uncleanliness would only last a day (Leviticus 22:3-7). The Bible was clear, and Saul was on record as saying that they should kill David (1 Samuel 19:1). God's choice of David was a reminder that God has His own reasons for choosing, reasons we can't always figure out. Then David fled from Naioth: Why? c. Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD: Jonathan knew he might never see David again. It was primarily to teach spiritual lessons to the 1Howard, pp. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a David fulfilled this promise to Jonathan (2 Samuel 9:1-8 and 21:7). Then Saul cast a spear at him to kill him, by which Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to kill David. 1 Samuel: Putting God First TABLE OF CONTENTS Click on the study title you’d like to see: OVERVIEW OF 1 SAMUEL Study 1:TRUSTGODWITHUNMETDESIRES Leader’s Guide — Participant’s Guide Study 2: GLORIFY ODINALLYOUDO Leader’s Guide — Participant’s Guide Study 3:FOCUSONWHAT’SIMPORTANT Leader’s Guide — Participant’s Guide Jonathan and David probably envisioned working together, as partners, as friends, both before and after the time David became king. of Jonathan was Saul's son, and the crown prince of Israel. The questions contain minimal human commentary, but instead ii. The Old Testament Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, "Go, carry them to the city.". Then David hid in the field. Man proposes, but God disposes. Luke-Acts "Thus he grossly mistakes the cause of Jonathan's loss of the kingdom, which was not David's art, but Saul's sin; and vainly endeavours to prevent God's irrevocable sentence." (1:2) Two 2) Which of Elkanah's wives had no children? d. In his anger, Saul accused Jonathan of siding with David (you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame). The class book is suitable for teens and up. “You are not going to die! A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. A. David, coming from Naioth, meets Jonathan. Their sign, 1 Samuel 20:18-23. b. Jonathan answered, “David earnestly asked me for permission to go to Bethlehem. As for you, show kindness to your servant, for you have brought him into a covenant with you before the LORD. There is a line by us not seen Which crosses every path, The hidden boundary between God's patience and His wrath. Includes cross references, discussion questions, teaching points, outline, and applications on 1 Samuel 17. The Gospels Luke-Acts The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, c. And the LORD will be with you as He has been with my father: Jonathan wants to give David more than a warning. He should not kill David because his father and king told him to do something that was clearly disobedient to God. All rights reserved worldwide. It often times does not seem fair that so much in life should turn on small moments, but a lifetime is made of nothing but many small moments! The New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat: Special sacrifices were commanded for the new moon (Numbers 28:11-15). Then he shouted, “Hurry! Like David, he is now in obscurity and disrepute; his name is not popular; his gospel is misrepresented; his followers are subjected to rebuke and scorn. Renewing or reconfirming a covenant does not make the previous covenant less precious; it makes it more precious and valid. 1. You shall not cut off your kindness for my house forever: Jonathan was aware of the political dynamic between the family of David and the family of Jonathan. The two of them made a covenant before the Lord: David and Jonathan already made a covenant (1 Samuel 18:3; 20:16) but now they confirm it again. i. I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as though I were shooting at a target. Scripture quoted by permission. ii. a. (1Sa 20:41-42) The tearful farewell of David and Jonathan. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. 1 Samuel 20 – Jonathan’s Final Attempt to Reconcile His Father and David A. David, coming from Naioth, meets Jonathan. Then David said to Jonathan, "Who will tell me, or "Behind you is the sunny morning, before you a lowering sky; behind you the blessed enjoyment of friendship, wife, home, royal favor, and popular adulation, before you an outcast's life." Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan, “What have I … e. He shall surely die: Certainly, this was Saul's intention, despite his previous oath (As the LORD lives, he shall not be killed, 1 Samuel 19:6). Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Historical Books Wisdom Literature He tried to encourage Jonathan's sense of hurt and self-interest against David (as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom). 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. Apparently, Saul hoped that David would be at this feast as expected, and David wondered how Saul would react to his presence. ", you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. John 3:16, Jesus faith love), The Whole Bible Why did David leave Naioth? 1 Samuel Study Guide Chapter 1 1) How many wives did Elkanah have? 1 Samuel 18:1-4.JONATHAN LOVES DAVID. Historical Books Then Jonathan said to David: "The LORD God of Israel is witness! And send you away, that you may go in safety: Jonathan knows that if his father Saul intends evil against David, it means that David must go away. But the lad did not know anything. (1Sa 20:24-34) Saul is enraged when he learns of David's absence. Jonathan will go out to take target practice, and where he shoots the arrows will tell David the answer. And when you have stayed three days, go down quickly and come to the place where you hid on the day of the deed; and remain by the stone Ezel. Inductive Bible study on the life of David from 1 Samuel 17. (1Sa 20:1-4) David asks Jonathan about Saul's intentions towards him; Jonathan promises his help to David. ii. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David: Jonathan and David agreed to care for one another. Why should he be killed? Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. f. Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you: Jonathan continues to reassure David, bringing encouragement to a discouraged man. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point i. Poole on to the shame of your mother's nakedness: "Men will conclude, that thy mother was a whore, and thou a bastard; and that thou hast no royal blood in thy veins, that canst so tamely give up thy crown to so contemptible a person.". Minor Prophets How can anyone set out on such a bleak road and be in the will of God? GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, (Hebrew/Greek Search by English Definition), * 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order', Search verses, phrases, and topics (e.g. If he says thus: 'It is well,' your servant will be safe. For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. Why would he hide this from me? b. ii. Johannine Writings So both of them went out into the field. (1Sa 20:14-17) In response, Jonathan makes David commit himself in a covenant. We should see in this that David is testing Jonathan's loyalty. It was the translators of the Septuagint (Greek translation of the OT at about 200 BC) who separated the book into two parts. But there was a bond in the LORD between these men that could not be broken. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. Johannine Writings (Meyer). Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs. Therefore you shall deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. Johannine Writings b. But if he loses his temper, you can be sure that he is determined to harm me. Luke-Acts b. -------------------- You will be missed, because your seat will be empty. These are days when to stand up for anything more than mere conventional religion must cost something; and for this reason let us never flinch." b. He is always calling us to pass beyond the thing we know into the unknown. -------------------- Jonathan expresses astonishment that his father did not tell him, but assures David of his heart towards him. Jonathan's support of David enraged Saul, and Saul cast a spear at him to kill him. d. So he arose and departed: David will not return to "normal life" until Saul is dead and David is king. (1Sa 20:35-40) Jonathan tells David bout Saul's state of mind through the pre-arranged signal of the arrows. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point table." Conceivably, he could have said, "Where is your faith, brother? Or, would he take the opportunity to kill him? And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, "Why should he be killed? In that day, when one royal house replaced another, it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. This 11-week curriculum goes along with our 1 Samuel class. Then I will send a boy and say, ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I say to him, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you; bring them here,’ then come, because, as surely as the LORD lives, you are safe; there is no danger. So Jonathan said to him, "By no means! Introduction to 1 Samuel; 2. But David more so: If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had more so. Major Prophets i. "David, even if you must leave the palace and your home behind, and flee as a fugitive, the LORD will be with you. As you study the passages in their context and seek to obey them in your context, I know the Lord will encourage you and challenge you. i. a. Minor Prophets knew that it was determined by his father to kill David, Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, David Guzik :: Génesis 14 – Abram Rescata a Lot y Conoce a Melquisedec, G1 - alpha - Strong's Greek Lexicon (KJV), David Guzik :: Hechos 9 – La Conversión de Saulo de Tarso, David Guzik :: 1 Corintios 7 – Principios Sobre el Matrimonio y la Soltería, A Summary of Each Bible Book - Study Resources, Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Matthew 7:6, David Guzik :: Génesis 3 – La tentación y caída del hombre, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jesus and the Holy Trinity (Walter Martin), Ezekiel 36-39 (1979-82 Audio) (Chuck Smith), Revelation 10-12 (1982-85 Audio) (Chuck Smith), 2 Chronicles 14-18 (1979-82 Audio) (Chuck Smith). 2 Samuel 20:1 "And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name [was] Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel." Jonathan knew that David was called by God to be the next king, and he was willing to step aside so that he would not be resisting the will of the LORD. (Meyer), ii. CHAPTER 20. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year. Would he take the opportunity to reconcile with David? So David said, “Look, tomorrow is the New Moon feast, and I am supposed to dine with the king; but let me go and hide in the field until the evening of the day after tomorrow. Why aren't you just trusting God?" Prophets We must be willing to be vulnerable with each other and respect the needs of our spouses even if they are needs we do not fully understand. Minor Prophets Here is the worship Hannah offered, and what she offered on the very day she left her little boy - her only child - at the tabernacle, never for him to live in her home again. Look, my father doesn’t do anything, great or small, without letting me know. But Jonathan had enough wisdom in the LORD to know that the LORD was really for Saul, because the LORD was trying to lead Saul to repentance. David now poses a practical problem. The Hands of Dagon and the Hand of God (1 Samuel 5:1-7:17) He would no longer be able to go home. Free Bible study questions for 1 Samuel 8 provides great insight into why God’s people end up living in a less than ideal situation. i. He also remembers that Jonathan's support for him is challenged by the fact that Jonathan is next in line for the throne, and might perhaps have an interest in being against David. Pentateuch Go quickly! i. (10-15) Commentary on 1 Samuel 21:1-9 (Read 1 Samuel 21:1-9). Share this page using one of these tools: Email / username or password was incorrect! If Saul's heart was different towards David, he might have been disappointed that he wasn't there, but he wouldn't have been furious. Jonathan's support of David wasn't a blind support; it was a support based on what was right before the LORD. How will Jonathan get the message to David? This is a pretty bleak road for David to walk, but it is God's road for him. Jonathan is covering for David, trying to give Saul a plausible - and truthful - explanation for David's absence. 1 Samuel – a study guide. The Son and the Psalm of Hannah (1 Samuel 1:1-2:10) 3. So Jonathan said to David, "Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you.". Pauline Epistles a. So David hid in the field, and when the New Moon feast came, the king sat down to eat. If your father misses me: David asks Jonathan to observe Saul's reaction to David's absence at an important feast held monthly for the high officials of state. (Poole). A small thing - the signal of a single arrow - told David his whole life was changed. He would no longer be welcome at the palace. But David couldn't stay, and Jonathan couldn't go. Passwords should have at least 6 characters. ii. b. c. Saul's anger was aroused … "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman!" CHAPTER 18. 1 Samuel 22 To listen and read click the version, KJV or NIV, then the sound symbol & wait about 30 sec. In asking, "What have I done?" d. So Jonathan said to him, "By no means!" Jonathan's response is the same as in 1 Samuel 20:2; he didn't know that Saul set out to get David in Naioth, though previously to that point, his father would tell him everything. (Meyer). If your father misses me at all, then say, 'David earnestly asked permission of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.' a. But it is all in vain; the arrows' flight proves you must go wither you may." 1. So Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows and came back to his master. “You are not going to die! 1 Samuel 1:28 ended, So they worshipped the LORD there. This armor of a prince, and the robe of a prince, belongs to you now, not me." And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.' Pentateuch And David said to Jonathan, "Indeed tomorrow is the New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. 6, and thence returned to the field, when the occasion required; else we must charge him with a downright lie, which ought not to be imagined (without any apparent cause) concerning so good a man." And Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, but David's place was empty. (Trapp). He tried to enlist Jonathan's help in killing David (bring him to me, for he shall surely die). He wants to give him encouragement also. When I have sounded out my father sometime tomorrow, or the third day, and indeed there is good toward David, and I do not send to you and tell you, may the LORD do so and much more to Jonathan. Then David took an oath again, and said, "Your father certainly knows that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said, 'Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.' The Rise of Samuel and the Fall of Eli and Sons (1 Samuel 3:1-4:22) 5. General Epistles David might have started to think that Saul was rejected simply because he was wicked, and David was chosen simply because he was godly. My heart rejoices in the LORD: Here, Hannah shows a depth of commitment and love for God that humbles us. Thank you for registering. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation. 2. 1 Samuel. Salem Media Group. Then David fled from Naioth at Ramah and went to Jonathan and asked, “What have I done? Everyone thought he would be the next son - everyone except David and Jonathan. ", v. "Let God empty you out that He may save you from becoming spiritually stale, and lead you ever onward. Of course, he wants to know what Saul thinks, but even more important to David is to know what Jonathan thinks. 1. c. Far be it from you! In the morning Jonathan went out to the field for his meeting with David. If your father misses me at all, tell him, ‘David earnestly asked my permission to hurry to Bethlehem, his hometown, because an annual sacrifice is being made there for his whole clan.’. In 1 Samuel 18-20 David gains the favor of Saul’s family (Michal and Jonathan). Then they kissed each other and wept together—but David wept the most. Luke-Acts i. -------------------- David Guzik :: Study Guide for 1 Samuel 1 [A new version of this page can be found here] ... 1. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. Indeed, my father will do nothing either great or small without first telling me. Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, "Something has happened to him; he is unclean, surely he is unclean." We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. "Poor David found the doing of anything or of nothing dangerous alike; such was the malice of his enemy, who was captain of the devil's sworn swordmen." Wisdom Literature 141, 146-47. “If I had the least inkling that my father was determined to harm you, wouldn’t I tell you?”, David asked, “Who will tell me if your father answers you harshly?”. If I expressly say to him, 'Look, the arrows are on this side of you; get them and come'; then, as the LORD lives, there is safety for you and no harm. 1. the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David--They were nearly of an age.The prince had taken little interest in David as a minstrel; but his heroism and modest, manly bearing, his piety and high endowments, kindled the flame not of admiration only, but of affection, in the congenial mind of Jonathan. "And you shall not only show me the kindness of the LORD while I still live, that I may not die; but you shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever, no, not when the LORD has cut off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth." Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. Please see Blue Letter Bible's Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. b. conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy 1 Samuel 20 - NIV: Then David fled from Naioth at Ramah and went to Jonathan and asked, “What have I done? ", it happened the next day … that David's place was empty, Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem. Jonathan senses that David is in a vulnerable place, and he wants to give him encouragement in the midst of it. Apparently, Saul believed oaths were for other people, but not for him! Johannine Writings You shall not die! Because God often has His people spend at least some time on a bleak road, and He appoints some of His favorites to spend a lot of time on that road - think of Job, Joseph, Paul, and even Jesus. Wisdom Literature “Why should he be put to death? General Epistles -------------------- The Old Testament 1 Samuel 1 - NIV: There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. Jonathan also assures David that he will protect him, by warning David of Saul's intentions. i. Jonathan might have been threatened by David, but instead he loved him and was loyal to him. (1Sa 20:18-23) Jonathan proposes a signal to inform David of Saul's reaction. 6; and the worthiest minds are least suspicious and most charitable in their opinions of others." Prophets ii. i. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, The Whole Bible

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